Penneshaw his a small settlemnt of just under 300 people and is the second largest town on Kangaroo Island. Originally known as Hog Bay due to the pigs released by French Commander Nicholas Baudin, Penneshaw was named after a combination of the names of Dr. F.W.Pennefather, private secretary to Governor Jervois, and Flora Louisa Shaw, The Times colonial editor, a visitor to Government House.
Penneshaw is located on the north eastern tip of the Dudley Peninsula, on the eastern end of the island. It contains the ferry terminal which brings most of the visitors to the island. Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island and lies in the state of South Australia 112 km south-west of Adelaide. Its closest point to the mainland is Snapper Point in Backstair Passage which is just 13.5 km from the Fleurieu Peninsula.
Approximately 4500 call the island home, but each year many almost 150,000 visitors arrive to enjoy its quite unique environment.
South Australia's first modern seawater desalination plant was established at Penneshaw in the 1990s, to supplement the town's limited dam water supply.
The largest town on the island is Kingscote, about an hours drive away [70km] where there is a larger range of shops and services.
the winter climate between June and September is mild and wet, the summers usually warm and dry. Tempered by the ocean, particularly on the coastline, maximum temperatures in summer rarely exceed 35 degrees Celsius. Average temperatures in August range between 13 to 16 degrees and in February, the hottest month, between 20 and 25 degrees.
Island economy is mostly agricultural (wine, honey, wool, meat and grain). Tourism and fishing also play significant roles, with some of the best southern rock lobster being sourced from the island's rugged south coast. The island has South Australia's only eucalyptus oil distillery.
There are now 28 wine growers, the first vineyard was planted at Eastern Cove in 1976, with the first wine made in 1982. Initially the wine was blended with Barossa wines but in recent years a 100% sourced Kangaroo Island wine has been produced.
Do we go ashore by tender?
Yes, only very small cruise ships can berth at Penneshaw, so most ships will take you ashore by tender.